What is it?
• Kennel cough is a highly contagious respiratory bacteria or viral infection
• ITB may develop from a single agent or be a mixed infection
• Symptoms include coughing spasms, hacking, gagging, or coughing up secretions
• Puppies and unvaccinated dogs are at the greatest risk of infection 

What causes it?
• The most common causes include canine parainfluenza virus, canine adenovirus 2, canine influenza virus, and certain bacteria like Bordetella bronchiseptica
• As stated earlier, it is highly contagious and can be spread through the air with close contact or by direct contact with secretions from infected dogs
• Dogs with kennel cough usually have a history or recent exposure, such as a newly acquired pet from the shelter 

What tests are needed?
• There is no specific test for kennel cough - it is diagnosed by exclusion
• If pneumonia is suspected, a chest x-ray may be necessary
• In more complicated cases, a tracheal wash or bronchoscopy may be needed
• Blood cell count and biochemistry profile are often normal 

How is it treated?
• Mild cases will recover without medication since the disease is self-limiting and will run its course
• Typical treatment includes cough-suppressing medication, unless pneumonia is present
• More complicated cases of ITB require antibiotics for 7 - 10 days
• Increasing environment humidity may help your dog breathe easier
• A harness as opposed to a collar may prevent irritating the neck and decrease coughing 

What follow up care is needed?
• Keep recovered dogs away from those who are unvaccinated
• Disinfect your dogs items with bleach